A parking lot is an essential facility in any building, especially a commercial one where there are many activities. In a building where you have visitors coming, and regularly, you don’t want to inconvenience your visitors by asking them to find parking spots far away from your building. You also can’t encourage them to park by roadsides knowing this could lead to tickets, towing, fines, and of course, traffic jams. For you to prevent all these, you only need a parking lot.
A parking lot can be built with various materials. You can use cobbled stones, interlocking blocks, concrete, as well as asphalt. Each of these materials and the many others that can be used have their advantages and disadvantages. For instance, asphalt can be susceptible to extreme heat, which causes it to contract and crack in the end. Concrete may also crack, especially if the load is more than the capacity. Here, we discuss the process of building a concrete parking lot.
Concrete Parking Lot
A concrete parking lot is simply a concrete slab that covers a vast space and can withstand exposure to environmental elements and handle vehicular loads. Although asphalt is still the most used material for parking lots, concrete is gradually taking over. This is due to the improved quality of concrete, and they increased the price of asphalt in recent years.
While concrete still costs a little more than asphalt, the added advantages of durability, structural flexibility and integrity, and low maintenance costs give it an edge over asphalt.
Building a Concrete Parking Lot
Design: The first stage of any construction project is the design stage, and it is no different from concrete parking lots. Designing a parking lot is not quite simple as you have to consider a lot of factors such as the expected load on the parking lot, thickness, the number of load repetitions for the lifetime of the parking lot, traction, and all other features that would be included in the lot such as the lights, drainages, etc.
Erect formwork: Once you have a design in place, the next step is the erection of work. The formwork must be designed to carry the load of the fresh concrete and the weight of workers and their machines. It should be properly positioned with all the joints sealed. It is essential that the formwork is leveled. Wood, metal, aluminum, and steel are an example of materials used for making a form.
Place Reinforcements in the Formwork: Once you are sure that the concrete form is correctly placed and conform to structural plans. The next step is to place reinforcements. The rebar that would be used is already determined by design, and all you have to do is ensure that the specified size and lengths are used. Incorrect placement of reinforcements can lead to structural failure of the parking lot. So you must ensure that it is placed with the correct positioning, spacing, and bending.
Pour the concrete and finishing: All that is left to be done at this stage is to pour the concrete. There must be proper coordination of this process with the finishing of the concrete as well. Concrete should be compacted after pouring. After the concrete has cured, the formwork is removed.
A concrete parking lot construction may seem simple, but it is not. It requires a professional concrete contractor to get it done right.